France, host to the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21), took the lead regarding the measures to adopt in order to mitigate climate change and thus prevent and reduce our ecological footprint to spread further.
Indeed, the French government set itself ambitious goals. “France must be exemplary”, according to the Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, Ségolène Royal.
In order to realize these goals, a draft national law on Energy transition for a green growth was first submitted by the National Assembly mid-October 2014 before being adopted at first reading by the Senate on March the 3rd. The draft law, which encompassed several fields of actions, set levers to attain energy transition.
Three areas were pinpointed as requiring the most significant advances:
- The increase of the renewables’ share and the evolution towards new business models
- The fight against wastage and waste management
- The improvement as to buildings renovation.
With regards to the energy mix, France announced four main measures that ensure its commitment in the coming climate negotiations:
- First, to reduce by 50% the share of nuclear energy in power generation by 2025 (nuclear power is capped to its current power, namely 63,2 GW)
- Reduce by 40% its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030
- Halve the energy consumption by 2050, with 2012 as baseline year
- Finally, make the renewables production up to 32% of its final energy consumption by 2030 (of which 38% of the heat consumed, 40% of electricity and 15% of fuels).
In spite of the Ministry’s previously announced solid commitments and of the population’s major support in terms of environmental measures